Perl default defined variables – store and restore

This is a little Script to store all default defined variables from Perl(Linux) into an Scalar ant then to restore everything like it was before the store function.

Important to include my Data-Dumper !

If you want to store your data in the intern arrays, run this:

  • scalar for Regex and program course are stored in “@_Course”
  • scalar for environment are stored in “@_Environment”
  • hashes and arrays are not stored because they are global or lower scope

only variables that writeable are getting stored.

Then restore your saved variables:

you could see if you changed any default variable with(1=changed):

Or you could print all Stored Variables:

(Important to include my dumper.)


scalar for Regex and program course:

$_ – contains current value of a loop

$& – contains match of the current Regex
$` – contains the left side of the current Regex
$’– contains the right side of the current Regex

$1,$2,.. – contains matching groups of Regex
$+ – contains the last group match of an Regex

$. – contains the current line number of the input file

$/ – sets the input record separator

$\ – sets the output record separator, added to every print.

$, – sets the output field separator, added to ever coma separated element

$” – sets the output list separator, added to ever coma separated list

$| – output auto flush, disables the output buffer. 0=off, 1=on



$% – current page number
$= – number of lines per page
$- – number of lines left on the page
$~ – name of the current format
$^ – name of the current head format
$: – delimiter of multiple lines
$^L – delimiter of multiple pages
$^A – accumulator


scalar for environment are stored:
$? – contains the last status of a pipe or child process

$! – contains the error status of a pipe or child process.

$@ – contains an empty string if eval works, and if not it contains the error

$$ – process id
$< – real user id
$> – effective user id
$( – real group id
$) – effective group id

$0 – current program name

$] – current Perl version(is deprecated use $^V instead)

$^D – current debugging flag, run your program wit the -D parameter
$^F – highest file descriptor
$^H – contains the number of syntax checks from use strict and other checks
$^I – is defined or undefined if the Inplace flag is set
$^M – could save data if no more ram is available
$^O -contains the current operating system

$^P – contains the current debugging status
$^S – the status of the per interpreter, if eval is running its undefined
$^T – contains the start time of the script

$^V -current Perl interpreter version

$^W – contains warning from the -w parameter, 1 if set, else 0
$^X – contains the current Perl interpreter path


hashes and arrays:
@_ – contains the parameter from calling a function

@ARGV – contains the parameter from calling your Perl script

@INC -paths where Perl looks for Modules

@ISA – contains a list of basic classes for object oriented
@EXPORT – Used for Modules to export
@EXPORT_OK – Used for Modules to export, but optional
%ENV – contains environment variables from your system

%SIG – contains Signal Handler to communicate to other processes


If you want a list as comment block use this:

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